It is known that parenting practices play a critical role in children's social development. The purpose of this study was to examine the mediating role of parents’ positive emotional socialization strategies in the relationship between parental goals and children’s prosocial and aggressive behaviors. For this purpose, the study was conducted with mothers of 231 children between the ages of 4 and 7 years. The mothers were asked to complete the Demographic Information Form, Parental Goals Scale, the Coping with Children’s Negative Emotions Scale, Ladd and Profilet Child Behavior Scale, and finally the Strength - Difficulties Questionnaire in this study. The results of the mediation analysis conducted with structural equation modeling showed that positive emotional socialization of the parents fully mediated the relationship between parental goals and children's prosocial and aggressive behaviors. Parental goals positively predicted the positive emotional socialization strategies of the parents and parents' positive emotional socialization strategies predicted the child's prosocial behavior positively, while negatively predicting the aggressive behavior of the child. These results emphasize the importance of mothers' child-rearing goals and the positive emotional socialization strategies they use for the early psychosocial adjustment of children.
Parental goals, emotional socialization, prosocial behaviors, aggression, child adjustment