In traditional therapy methods, it is believed that the problem can be eliminated by exploring what is the giving rise to the problem. But there is no a such goal in solution-focused therapy (SFT). The SFT has a postmodern perspective and denies that there is a general passing objective reality for everyone. Accordingly, as in many therapy approaches with a phenomenological perspective, it focuses on how the existing problem is perceived by people. Many of the clients want quick and tactable output from the therapies. SFT emphasizes the adequate aspects of, strength within, and the possibilities available to clients rather than inadequacies, weaknessess and limited aspects with an aim to solve problems in shorter time periods. The therapist collaborates with the client, acknowledging that it is the best way to focus on the clients' existing strengths and resources. Although the emphasis is placed on the positive outcomes of this method on children, adolescents and adults, the main starting point is families. Having a problem in any of the members in the family can affect the whole family. Therefore, finding solutions to the problems of any of the family members will also positively affect the whole family. The most authentic aspect of the SFT is that the solution is found by the clients, not the therapist. This review focuses on how to apply solution-focused therapies with families / couples and research outcomes.
Solution focused therapy, family theraphy, postmodern therapy approach