Parentification is a parent-child interaction pattern in which the child tries to meet the physical and/or emotional needs of the parent by assuming roles and responsibilities that are inappropriate for the child's developmental level. In this review, it was aimed to evaluate the characteristics of parentification and its effects on the individual within the framework of theoretical approaches and research findings. Firstly, the theoretical approaches explaining the definition and types of parentification are introduced. Secondly, risk factors are defined by considering the family patterns which are frequently seen. Thirdly, the positive and negative effects of parentification on children, adolescents and adults, and the variables mediating and moderating these effects were evaluated within the framework of research findings. Lastly, Finally, recommendations to mental health professionals working with parentified children, adolescents and adults were evaluated.
Keywords: parentification, parent-child relationship, long-term effects