Theory of social representations says the group affects its member and at the same time the member affects its group. As people interact with each other, they reconstruct the world socially. This mutual interaction leads to a new type of knowledge. This knowledge is called everyday knowledge. Biological sex does not inform us about issues like gender roles, inequality between genders, women in the workplace whereas gender does; because gender is reconstructed. Language has a role in keeping, transferring and even reconstructing the daily knowledge. At this point, initial aim of this study is to investigate social representations of psychology of gender and women in Turkish Novels from early period of Turkey and 2010’s. Second aim is to compare the social representations between the novels of female and male authors within the same period. The last aim is to see the possible changes in social representations by time according to the female authors and male authors. Male gender roles and objectification of men’s body increase; sexism and violence do not change; marginalization of women decreases but the myth of “men as hero” starts to exist by time. On the other hand, female and male authors generally do not differ from each other at the same time period. This study differs from psychological novel analysis and also novel analysis in Turkish Literature since the study is based on Theory of Social Representations and conducted through Thematic Unit Analysis.
Keywords: Social Representations, Women Psychology, Gender, Turkish Novels, Thematic Unit Analysis