This study aims to summarize studies related to psychotherapy trainees’ and psychotherapy experts’ awareness on the process of psychotherapy, specifically the process those have potential for causing a negative psychotherapy outcome. In this scope, this study also aims to provide some insights and methods to increase awareness related to psychotherapy process. There are three possible negative outcomes of psychotherapy: dropout, no change, and deterioration. Psychotherapists’ low awareness level akin to these results can be considered as a risk factor. Dropping out from a psychotherapy process is a negative phenomenon for patients, psychotherapists, institutions which treatments take place. Similarly, no change and deterioration are also negative phenomenon especially for the patients. In the scope of this study firstly possible sources of these negative consequences will be presented and latter some insights and methods related to increase psychotherapists’ awareness will be discussed. In this context, outcome monitoring, mindfulness based application, and therapeutic alliance focused trainings and interventions will be covered.
Keywords: Psychotherapy Outcome, Therapeutic Alliance, Mindfulness, Outcome Monitoring