The present study examined how people picture women and men in Turkish culture. By using free response method, the study presented mostly used stereotypes related to women and men and their structure in Turkish culture. Undergraduates (N = 491) were asked to write down 10 adjectives to describe women and men. Frequencies showed that women were mostly described as emotional, jealous, easily-offended, faithful, delicate, self-sacrificing, warm, intelligent, sensitive, gossipy, ambitious, compassionate, beautiful, considerate, hardworking, attractive, and fragile; whereas men were mostly described as jealous, strong, selfish, emotional, ambitious, angry, rude, childish, rational, hardworking, intelligent, honest, brave, and protective. Further, these stereotypes were combined under four basic themes (appearance, personality, gender roles and power) and their subthemes to present the structure of gender stereotypes. Participants predominantly described women with their personality traits (warmth, selfishness, fragility, agency, and sociability), gender roles (motherhood, and faithfulness), appearance, and power (strength, and weakness) themes, respectively. Similarly, men were mostly described by their personality traits (selfishness, agency, emotionality, irresponsibility, sociability, emotionlessness, and womanizer), but differently followed by power (manhood, and dominance), gender roles (fatherhood/breadwinner, and faithfulness), and appearance. Findings were discussed in the light of the existing literature on gender stereotypes, sexism, and manhood.
Keywords: Gender stereotypes, Sexism, Manhood, Free response method, Turkey